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DMX Analyzer

This firmware is designed for "DMX Freaks" only.
You can check the signal of any DMX-Transmitter like Desks or PC-Dongles and compare the result with the ANSI spec.
Furthermore the Analyzer can generate some test signals for debugging or testing all kinds of DMX receivers.
The firmware is based on ANSI E1.11 (aka DMX512-A) and E1.20 (aka RDM).

The analyzer is made of a DMX transceiver and a 2x16 char text LCD (HD44780 compatible). It can be controlled via three push buttons.

 

DMX-Transceiver (Rev. 3.01)

picture of transceiver rev.3.01With this modul DMX data can be received or transmitted.

Because of the complete usage of the RS485 converter, a bidirectional transfer of data is possible (i.e: RDM as described in ANSI E1.20). Till now this feature is only supported by a few expensive devices.

Though the circuit is only made of an AVR and few other parts I recommend a diy etched board.

 

 

 


parts

  IC1
  IC2
  IC3
  B1 
  LED1
  LED2
  R1
  R2,3,4
  C1,2
  C7
  C5,6
  SW1
  Q1
  connectors
ATmega8515-16PU
75176B
7805
rectifier (round)
LED 5mm red
LED 5mm green
10k (PT10-S)
390 Ohm
27pF
100nF
100F
DIP-Switch (10)
8MHz (HC49)
pin header (single)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

As you can see, the schematic is quite simple: The heart of the controller is the firmware of the mcu (IC1). The start address is set with SW1. The LEDs indicate the status of the controller. The parts around IC3 are responsable for an exact Vcc of 5.0Vdc. IC2 is the RS485-Transceiver. It allows our controller to communicate via DMX512 with other equipment.

For a dimmer- or switchpack you have to connect the pins of "output" with the "-"pins of the dimmer-/switchmodules because a mcu can drive bigger loads as a current sink. The "+"inputs of all modules must be connected to vcc.

The "spare" port is used for additional pins or to jumper different modes.

AC1&2 have to be connected with a power supply of 9-12V ac or dc. 3-5W should be sufficient.

The following schematic shows you how to connect the transceiver with the DMX bus:

this is the layout:

The board is 48 * 76 mm^2. The resolution of the picture above is 300dpi.

placement:

On the resources site you can find a manual for programming AVRs. The 8MHz crystal has to be selected as clock source by changing the fuse bits.

After changing the clock source the Analyzer-Firmware can be written to the AVRs flash.

 

LC-Display (HD44780 kompatibel)

Please refer to the following table when connecting the LCD to the transceiver.  You will find the LCD pinning in its data sheet.

LCD Transceiver Function
D4 Out1 (PA0) Data
D5 Out2 (PA1) Data
D6 Out3 (PA2) Data
D7 Out4 (PA3) Data
RS Out5 (PA4) register select
E Out6 (PA5) Enable
Vo GND Contrast
R/W GND Read/Write
GND GND Ground
VCC VCC +5V

 

Push Buttons

The Analyzer is controlled by three buttons, switching the SPARE pins to GND.

Transceiver Function
SPARE1 (PD4) Mode
SPARE2 (PD5) Up
SPARE3 (PD6) Down

 

operating modes

DMX Timing

In this mode the timing of the incoming DMX frames is measured. A DMX frame is initialized by a Break to synchronize the finite state machine of the receivers. To separate the start code from the Break, a Mark After Break is needed. After the start code up to 512 DMX channels are transmitted. Many manufacturers insert a short delay between the channels. These inter byte gaps (aka inter slot times) help poorly designed receivers to capture the previous byte without overflows...
Regarding to ANSI E1.20, the following timing values are valid:

Break:  176s - 352s
MAB:    12s   - 88s<
IB-Gap: <32s

Universe State

In this mode the size of the universe, the refresh rate and the error rate are measured. The refresh rate should be higher than 20Hz. The maximum universe size are 512 channels. If the start code after a Break is neither Null (normal data) nor 0xCC (RDM message), an error is counted.

DMX Overview

The values of 10 consecutive channels are displayd as bar graphs. The channels can be chosen with the Up/Down buttons.

 

DMX Input

The values of two consecutive channels are displayd. The channels can be chosen with the Up/Down buttons.

 

DMX Output Slow

512 channels are faded up and down. The universe is transmitted slowly because of a very long Break and inter byte gaps.

 

DMX Output Fast

64 channels are faded up and down. The universe is transmitted very fast because of a minimum Break length and no inter byte gaps.

 

DMX Output Val

512 channels are transmitted in slow mode with the chosen value.